It’s not always easy propagation, but we recommend starting somewhere as it’s rewarding when it works!
In most cases, potting soil is the best media for propagation, but water can be used for propagation of some plants. Their environment has allowed them to do this. Pothos plants, philodendrons, monsteras, and ZZ plants are among the Aroid plants that can be propagated in water. The ability to adapt to flooding conditions and grow despite it was key to the survival of these plants, which evolved from an ancestor that lived in swamps. In turn, those descendants can also grow in water because of that ancestor. It is still important to plant them in soil over the long term, though, as they are still land plants. It won’t take you long to put the ‘pro’ in propagation if you follow our simple steps below.
How to Propagate Plants from Cuttings
There are many ways to propagate plants, and we’ve got some tips on what works best for each type of plant. We’re talking about propagating cuttings here, but there are plenty of other methods out there. If you want to learn more about propagation, check out our full guide to growing plants.
Step 1: Look for Roots
On a mature vine, look for a small bump just above the leaf or stem junction. This is the key to propagating Pothos. Cut it out and save it.
You’ll want to cut about 2″ of the stem right before the node and include a few nodes with the cutting, as these are where the new roots will grow from.
Step 2: Clean up around the roots
If you want to grow succulents, it helps to start with clean soil. You don’t want to add anything to your potting mix that could cause problems later. If you’re growing plants indoors, make sure there are no leaves or debris near the base of the plant. If you’re planting outside, keep an eye out for weeds and sticks. Also, look for dead branches and twigs that could fall off during the winter months.
You’ll want to cut away any leaves that are touching the bottom of the container. This includes small, thin leaves like those found on aloe vera and cactus. They tend to rot quickly, so trimming them off now can save you some work down the road.
Next, take a sharp knife and cut along the edge of the container. Make sure you cut just inside the rim of the pot. Don’t cut all the way through the plastic; you want to leave enough material intact to hold the soil together. Once you’ve removed the excess plastic, use your fingers to gently loosen the soil from the sides of the pot.
Now that you’ve cleaned everything up, fill the pot about half full with good quality potting mix. Use a spoon to pack the soil firmly against the edges of the container. Then, press the soil down evenly across the surface of the pot. When you do this, you want to avoid compacting the soil. Instead, let air pockets remain throughout the mixture.
Finally, give the entire thing a firm shake to settle everything out. Now you’re ready to place your plants in the soil. Be careful not to overfill the pot. If you see any large clumps of dirt left behind, try to break them apart.
Step 3: Prepare Glass Jar for Cuttings
Plant cuttings are small pieces of plants that grow roots and leaves again. They’re used to start new plants. If you want to take cuttings from your houseplants, you’ll need to know how to prepare a glass jar for cuttings.
Place your plant cutting(s), along with some water, into a clean, clear glass jar. You can use a plastic container, too, but glass jars are easier to work with.
Next, add enough water to cover the bottom of the jar. Make sure there isn’t any air bubbles trapped inside the jar.
You don’t need to worry about sterilizing the jar; just make sure it’s clean.
If you’re taking cuttings from a flowering plant, such as roses, tulips, dahlias, or begonias, keep the soil moist while you wait for the stems to sprout.
When the stems begin to emerge, gently separate each one from the parent plant.
Once the stem is fully developed, snip off the end where it meets the mother plant. This is called “taking a cutting.”
Now you’ve got a little root ball ready to go.
STEP 4: Keep an eye on your plant cuttings
The final step in our guide to starting houseplants is keeping an eye out for signs of trouble. This includes checking the roots regularly for signs of rot, mold, or fungus. If you see anything amiss, take action immediately.
If you notice any of these symptoms, check out our article about how to tell if your plants are sick. If you’re worried about the health of your plants, don’t hesitate to contact us at We’ll help you figure out what’s wrong and give you tips on how to care for your indoor plants.
Transplanting cuttings is one of the most important things you’ll do to grow healthy houseplants. But it’s easy to make mistakes along the way. Here’s how to avoid common pitfalls.
Transplanting cuttings involves moving a piece of a plant from its current location to a new home. It’s a delicate process, so be gentle when handling your plants.
Make sure you have plenty of room to move around. And remember that you should never transplant a plant directly from the ground to a pot. The roots will likely become tangled and damaged during the transition.
Before you dig up your plants, make sure they’re well-rooted. Remove all of the topsoil from the area where you plan to put your new plant.
Then, carefully loosen the surrounding soil by using a spade or trowel.
Remove the plant from its original pot and set it aside. Gently remove the roots from the old pot.
Next, soak the roots in a bucket filled with warm water until they feel soft.
Finally, rinse the roots under running water to get rid of excess dirt.
After soaking, the roots should look like this.
Now you’re ready to transplant your plant.
First, lay down a sheet of newspaper on the surface where you intend to plant your new plant.
Next, insert the roots into the hole you made in the paper.
Then, fill the hole with soil.
Finally, press down firmly on the soil to secure the roots.
Don’t forget to label your pots!
Keep Your Plants Safe From Pests
Houseplants aren’t immune to pests. In fact, many insects and diseases can harm them. Fortunately, you can protect your plants against harmful bugs.
Here are some ways to keep your houseplants safe from pests.
Use insecticidal soap to kill unwanted pests. Insecticidal soap is available at garden centers and online retailers.
It works by disrupting the nervous system of insects. You can use it to spray your plants’ leaves, flowers, and stems.
Water, Water Everywhere
Plant cuttings are one of the easiest ways to start a garden. They require very little space and can grow quickly. But there is one thing you must remember about plant cuttings: they don’t like sitting around in stagnant water.
If you want to keep your plants healthy and happy, it’s important to change out the water every few weeks. This helps prevent diseases and fungus growth.